ArDO: Yes we want Lebanon to be the Switzerland of the East and Beirut the Paris of the East


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Ph.D. in Assyriology and Northwest Semitic Epigraphy, the University of Tübingen, 1984

Professor, Department of History and Archaeology, AUB, since October 2001

Chair, Department of History and Archaeology, AUB, from 2010 to 2013

Chair, Department of History and Archaeology, AUB, from October 2001 to October 2004

Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, AUB, from October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2009

Joined the Department of History and Archaeology in 1985.

Co-director of the Beirut Excavations: Site BEY 020 between 1994 and 1997

Co-director of the Tell el-Burak and Tell Fadous-Kfarabida Archaeological Projects since 2001 and 2004 respectively.

Research Interests 

The History and Archaeology of First Millennium Syria

My research interests focus on the origin and development of the Aramaean states of Syria in the first millennium B.C. more particularly on their formation process. The increasing archaeological and epigraphic evidence is leading to the revision of traditional views regarding the beginning of the Syrian Iron Age and the role the Aramaeans played in the formation of Syrian culture.

 The History and Archaeology of Lebanon in the Bronze and Iron Ages

The main focus of my research is Lebanese archaeology with special focus on MBA urban characteristics and Phoenician epigraphy and material culture. These periods have suffered from a serious lack of archaeological information for the last decades and this gap is being progressively bridged by the results of recent excavations in Lebanon.

Research projects

Tell el-Burak (Lebanon) : Excavation Project 


URB Research Grant in 2009

Research stipend, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Berlin, September-November 2008

Research stipend, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut , Berlin, June- August 2004 

Mellon Grant, special summer stipend, 2000     

Research stipend, Deutsch ArchäologischeInstitut , Berlin, 1999                         

Mellon Grant, special summer stipend, 1997

Research stipend, Centre Culturel Hispanique, Beirut, September 1993.

Research sitpend, Conseil National de la recherche scientifique, Paris, September 1992

Courses Taught at AUB

Undergraduate Courses

Ancient Mesopotamia I. Sumer and Akkad (AROL 219)

Ancient Mesopotamia II. Assur and Babylon (AROL 220)                                            

Ancient Near Eastern Religions (AROL 231)

Ancient Near East and Classical Civilization (CVSP 201)                                                               

Ancient Texts (AROL 293/294)

Archaeology of Lebanon(AROL201)                                                                              

Fieldwork in Archaeology (AROL 233/234)

Phoenicia and the Phoenicians (AROL 217)                                                                              

Medieval, Islamic, and Renaissance Civilization (CVSP 202)

Senior Seminar in Archaeology (AROL 291/ 292)                                                               

The Phoenician Expansion in the Western Mediterranean (AROL 218)

The World of the Philistines, Israelites, and Aramaeans (AROL 226)               

Graduate Courses

Advanced Readings in Ancient Texts (AROL 303/304)                                                                       

Advanced Fieldwork and Data Collection (AROL 323/ 324)                                      

Graduate Seminar in Current Approaches to Archaeology  (AROL 301)                       

Graduate tutorial in Near Eastern Archaeology  (AROL 321)                                                      

M.A. Thesis (AROL 399)

Publication projects

Tell Hizzin (Lebanon) : (together with Prof. Hermann Genz)

The Phoenician Inscriptions in the Directorate General of Antiquities Collection (Lebanon): Publication Project with P. Xella, J.A. Zamora, Amadasi, M.J. and Oggiano, I.

An Introduction to the Archaeology of Lebanon from Prehistory to  Hellenistic Times :(together with Prof. Hermann Genz) An up-to-date book on the archaeology of Lebanon has long been overdue. In order to close this gap Hermann Genz and the author are currently writing a book entitled An Introduction to the Archaeology of Lebanon from Prehistory to Hellenistic Times. This book will present the archaeological results from past and current excavations as well as  the relevant textual sources for the Bronze and Iron Ages in Lebanon.  The project is in an advanced stage of research.

Recent Publications

Sader, H. 2007    Phoenician Stamp Impressions from Beirut. Baghdader Mitteilungen 37, 565-574.

Sader, H. 2007    New Phoenician Seal Impressions from Beirut, Orientalia N.S. 76, 57-63.

Genz, H- Sader, H  2007    Bronze Age Funerary Practices in Lebanon, Archaeology and History in the Lebanon 26-27, Autumn 2007-Spring 2008, 258-283.

Genz, H.- Sader, H  2007    Excavations at the Early Bronze Age Site of Tell Fadous-Kfarabida. Preliminary Report on the 2007 Seasons of Excavations, Bulletin d’Archéologie et d’Architecture Libanaises 11, 7-16.

Sader, H. 2009    Ägyptens Pforte zur Levante, in Landesmuseum Württemberg ed., Schätze des Alten Syriens-Die Entdeckung des Königreichs Qatna, Stuttgart. 54-57.

Sader, H.  2009    Palace Architecture in Tell el-Burak-Lebanon: Some Evidence for Egyptian-Mesopotamian-Levantine Interconnections, in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Interconnections in the Eastern Mediterranean held in November 2008 in Beirut, Bulletin d’Archéologie et d’Architecture Libanaises hors-série VI, 177-186.

Sader, H.  2009     Beirut and Tell el-Burak. New Evidence on Phoenician Town Planning and Architecture in the Homeland. In S. Helas- D. Marzoli eds. Phönizisches und punisches Städtewesen. Akten der internationalen Tagung in Rom vom 21. bis 23. Februar 2007. Iberia Archaeologica 13. 55-67.

Sader, H. 2010     Archäologie in Beirut, in M. Heinz and Vollmer, W. eds., Libanon: Treffpunkt der Kulturen. Eine archäologische Perspektive, Lit Verlag, Berlin. 129-137.
Sader, H. 2010     The Aramaeans of Syria: Some Considerations on their Origin and Material Culture, in André Lemaire, Baruch Halpern [and, Associate Editor, Matthew J. Adams] eds., The Books of Kings. Sources, Composition, Historiography and Reception, Vetus Testamentum, Supplements, 129, Leiden: Harrassowitz. 273-300.

Sader, H. 2010      “Tell Hizzin: Digging Up New Materials From an Old Excavation”. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, May 5-May 10, 2008, Volume 2, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 635-649.

Sader, H. 2010     Phoenician ‘Popular Art’: Transmission, Transformation, and Adaptation of Foreign Motifs in the Light of Recent Archaeological Evidence from Lebanon, in R. Rollinger, B. Gufler, M. Lang, I. Madreiter, eds., Interkulturalität in der Alten Welt. Vorderasien, Hellas, Ägypten und die vielfältigen Ebenen des Kontakts, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 23-40.

Sader, H. 2011     “Phoenicia and the Mediterranean: New Evidence from Recent excavations in Lebanon”, in  H. Matthäus, N. Oettinger and S.Schröder eds., Der Orient und die Anfänge Europas. Kulturelle Beziehungen von der späten Bronzezeit bis zur frühen Eisenzeit, Philippika, Marburger altertumskundliche Abhandlungen 42, Harrassowitz, 2011. 15-30.

Sader, H. 2012     “Between Looters and Private Collectors: The Tragic Fate of Lebanese Antiquities”, in S. Mejcher-Atassi and P. Schwartz eds., Archives, Museums, and Collecting Practices in the Modern Arab World, Ashgate Publishers. 57-69.

Sader, H. 2013     Two Iron Age Stamp Seals from Tell el-Burak, Lebanon, in O. Loretz, S. Ribichini, W. Watson, and J.A. Zamora eds.,  Ritual, Religion and Reason. Studies in the Ancient World in honour of Paolo Xella, Alter Orient und Altes Testament 404, Münster: Ugarit Verlag. 321-326.

Çakırlar C., V. Amer, J. Kamlah, and H. Sader, 2013     Persian Period dog burials in the Levant: new evidence from Tell el-Burak (Lebanon) and a reconsideration of the phenomenon. Submitted to: V. Linselee, B. De Cupere, S. Hamilton-Dyer (Eds.). Archaeozoology of southwestern Asia and Adjacent Areas (ASWA) IX. Ancient Near Eastern Studies Supplement Series. Peeters Press. 

Complete list of pubications


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